It creates tubers; however the bulbils which grow in the base of its ]]leaf|leaves]] are the more essential food product. Scientific Name: Dioscorea bulbifera Synonym: Dioscorea latifolia Common Names: Air Yam, Air Potato, Bitter Yam, Aerial Yam, Potato Yam, Hoi, Pi`oi Plant Characteristics. Dioscorea heterophylla Roxb. The root of Dioscorea bulbifera is used as detoxicant, discutient, expectorant and hemostatic in traditional Chinese medicine (CTM) and widely adopted in treating different diseases and health problems, such as sore throat and hematemesis. Diosgenin is a steroidal saponin, which is extracted from the root of Wild Yam (Dioscorea villosa) and other species. ... Indonesian Italian Korean Latin Latvian Macedonian Norwegian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Spanish Swahili Swedish Tamil Turkish Vietnamese Welsh. along with discussion & documentation of Indian Flora. Capsules longer than wide, 1.8-2.8 × 1-1.5 cm. Plants tuberous or not; tubers, when present, buried just below ground surface, globose; stems twining counter-clockwise, climbing to more than 20 m , often flecked with purple, unwinged or rarely narrowly winged, terete , producing axillary bulbils, up to more than 5 cm in diameter. But kindly place some words of thanks on whatever media you use them, with a note to me, via email so that I can go around braging about their usefulness. Leaves 9-25 x 8-23 cm, ovate-suborbicular, base deeply cordate, apex acuminate to shortly caudate, membranous, glabrous, basally 9-11-ribbed; petiole to 20 cm long. Its main ingredient is Dashmool. Yams are perennial herbaceous vines cultivated for the consumption of their starchy tubers in many temperate and tropical regions, especially in Africa, South America and the Caribbean, Asia, and Oceania. Dioscorea bulbifera L. is a medicinal plant. Pronunciation of Dioscorea bulbifera with 2 audio pronunciations, 2 synonyms, 1 meaning and more for Dioscorea bulbifera. view this species on IUCN Red List Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Vine, Herb/Forb Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. Dioscorea bulbifera, the air potato, can be found in both Africa and Asia along with moderate differences in between those found in the two places. Sanskrit: Varahi. Spread via birds and other animals may occur, but this has not been confirmed. bitter yam. Watering: Irregular watering is the most common cause of this plant’s demise. Wait for the soil around caudex to dry completely, and then water it with a larger amount of water. 2 mm long. Leaves 5-25 × 5-26 cm; petiole usually somewhat shorter than blade, 1-4 mm wide. Phytochemistry 28(3):947-949. It is just a large vine, 6 meters (20 feet) or more long. Pistillate flowers: perianth greenish white. Air potato has inconspicuous flowers that don't usually appear because they aren't necessary for propagation. Dioscorea anthropophagorum A. Chev. Staminate inflorescences axillary, cymose , to 70 cm long; cymes reduced to 1 sessile bracteolate flower, internodes ca. They may be used freely by anyone, without my permission for any purpose. It restores strength in woman after delivery. Herbaceous, high climbing vines to 65 feet (20 m) long, infestations covering shrubs and trees. research studies June 17 2015. The aqueous extract from the raw drug in vitro showed no cytotoxicity13. oppositifolia, D. pentaphylla var. Picking roots from the air is a lot better than digging. Dioscorea bulbifera is a highly invasive plant and presents a management problem in many parts of the world. 8 IRELAND C, SCHWABE W, GOURSEY D, 1981 The occurrence of batatasins in the Dioscoreaceae. Dioscorea polystachya (cinnamon vine, Chinese yam): This white fleshed edible tuber of good flavor has a hardiness rating of Zones 5 to 10, and will remain alive in the ground overwinter, sending up handsome tall twining shoots in the spring. Chin Pharmaceut J 24(3):166-169. 13 SATO A, 1989 Studies on anti-tumor activity of crude drugs. For documenting flora of India that is being discussed on efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the working of the group. Plant Name. 7 GUPTA D, SINGH J, 1989 Hydroxy-acetophenone derivatives from Dioscorea bulbifera. Hindi: Dukkar kand. Indian J Pharm Sci 49(6):233-236. The cultivated forms of D. bulbifera really have a lot of potential as a food crop, due to their ease of growing and harvest. Š) **. Slippery Elm Benefits and Uses. Proximate analysis of 100 g of tuber10: calories: 112; water: 71%; proteins: 1.5%; fat: 0.1%; carbohydrates: 26.5%; fiber: 0.9%; ash: 0.9%; calcium: 69 mg; phosphorus: 29 mg. 2 WHO, 1991 Guidelines for the assessment of herbal medicines. Programme on Traditional Medicines, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland. D. bulbifera . Prevention is a key step in the management of air potato. Bulbils usually tan, round and smooth, Asian, or round and dark brown with light dimples, African. Phytochemistry 20:1569-1571. Some varieties are edible and cultivated as a food crop, especially in West Africa. It is closely related to air potato (Dioscorea bulbifera). This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. 11 ABDEL-AZIZ A, BRAIN K, BASHIR A, 1990 Screening of Sudanese plants for molluscicidal activity and identification of leaves ofTacca leontopetaloides L. O. Ktze (Taccaceae), as a potential new exploitable resource. They can then be prepared in the same way as other yams, potatoes, and sweet potatoes. VII. Vines with tuberous root stocks; Stem terete, twining to left. Monocots. How these bulbils are spread throwing of the bulbils during the mowing operation. Winged yam is known to have “disprupted natural-area plant communities, particularly coastal hammocks in south Florida.” D. bulbifera is an aggressive invasive plant that is widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Flowers are inconspicuous, arising from leaf axils in panicles 4 inches long, and are fairl… Bulbils are the primary mechanism of spread, and research has shown even minutely small propagules can sprout and form new plants. I. Program of Applied Research to Popular Medicine in the Caribbean, (In territories with significant traditional TRAMIL use). Efloraofindia (earlier Indiantreepix) is the largest Google e-group in the world in this field & largest nature related in India devoted to creating awareness, helping in identification etc. 5 MURRAY R, JORGE KHAN N, SHAHJAHAN M, QUAISUDDIN M, 1984 Diosbulbin D and 8-epidiosbulbin E acetate, norclerodane diterpenoids from Dioscorea bulbifera tubers. Covered with large leaves, it can quickly grow into the tops of tall trees. If you experience drowsiness, dizziness, hypotension or a headache as side-effects when using Dioscorea Bulbifera medicine then it may not be safe to drive a vehicle or operate heavy machinery.One should not drive a vehicle if using the medicine makes you drowsy, dizzy or lowers your blood-pressure extensively. 1 WENIGER B, ROUZIER M, 1986 Enquête TRAMIL. air potato. Boca Raton, USA: CRC Press. Botanical name- Dioscorea bulbifera English name – air potato, potato yam. Dioscorea bulbifera is another non-native, invasive vine in Florida (U.S.) While some members of this family have edible tubers this one is said to be bitter and possibly poisonous. Yam is the common name for some plant species in the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae) that form edible tubers. 9 RAGHUNADAN K, JOLLY C, 1987 Starch from Dioscorea bulbifera. Service Oecuménique d'Entraide SOE, Port au Prince, Haïti. Family. Name in Tamil கிழங்கு Food Item ID or Code: Variety: Edible Part: Type: Variety Photo 050101 Udala (Dioscorea bulbifera) Tuber This is a plant active during summer, so you need to water it (carefully) the most during that period. A distinguishing characteristic of air potato is that all leaf veins arise from the leaf base, unlike other herbaceous vines such as smilax and morningglories. Plants produce underground tubers that are edible and serve as food sources for local consumption and/or commercial distribution (Bhandari and Kawabata, 2005). Dashmoolarishta also improves immunity due to presence of some immunomodulator herbs. It is a vine that can be up to 70 feet in length with heart shaped alternating leaves. Phytochemistry 23(3):623-625. Dioscorea bulbifera . Pistillate inflorescences borne singly or fasciculate, to 6 per axil, spicate; spikes bearing to 50 flowers, 6-40 cm. Khaka Univ Stud Part B 34(1):111-113. These tubers are attached at the stem and look like potatoes. Š) ** Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Aaluka bheda: Conservation status: Least concerned (NCS 2012) Description: & H.Perrier Dioscorea korrorensis R.Knuth Dioscorea latifolia Benth. Yakugaku Zasshi 109(6):407-423. Dioscorea bulbifera var. Dioscorea root extract benefit and side effects by Ray Sahelian, M.D. Hepatotoxicity was reported in one patient exposed to therapy using the tuber of this plant14. The starch in the tuber is qualitatively and quantitatively comparable to corn starch9. 3 IDA Y, KUBO S, FUJITA M, KOMORI T, KAWASAKI T, 1978 Furanoid diterpenes from plants of the Discoreaceae. In a… TRAMIL quality, safety and effectiveness strategy, Significant uses found by the TRAMIL surveys. Ex Jum., Dioscorea bulbifera var. A member of the yam family (Dioscoreaceae), the "Air Potato" produces large numbers of aerial tubers. Air potato (Dioscorea bulbifera) is a member of the yam family (Dioscoreaceae). 6 KHAN N, NUR-E-KAMAL M, SHAHJAHAN M, HASAN C, 1986 Chemical investigation of tubers of Dioscorea bulbifera l. Variety sativa. Dioscorea is a genus of flowering plants, and some Dioscorea species are known and used as a source for the steroidal sapogenin diosgenin. The ideal soil for Dioscorea is Cactus soil. It now ranges from Vermont south to … The plant forms bulbils in the leaf axils of the twining stems, and tubers beneath the ground. Water is also a major means of dispersal, so care must be taken to first eliminate populations along water bodies where bulbils may be easily spread. Zhejiang J Trad Chin Med 23(8):365-366. Seeds unilaterally winged, 12-20 mm. vera Prain & Burkill Dioscorea crispata Roxb. 4. For topical application, strict hygiene measures should be observed in order to avoid contamination or additional infection. 2. V. Structure of diosbulbin D, E, F, G & H. Justus Liebigs Ann Chem. It is not intended to take the place of either the written law or regulations. Since some parts of plants could be toxic, might induce side effects, or might have interactions with certain drugs, anyone intending to use them or their products must first consult with a physician or another qualified health care professional. This naturalized Polynesian canoe plant and weed is native to Africa, Asia, and Australia. This plant has been used in combination with other plants for treating lymphoma12. There is no available information documenting the safety of medicinal use for children or for women during breast feeding. 10 DUKE JA, ATCHLEY AA, 1986 Handbook of proximate analysis tables of higher plants. air yam. Structures of diosbulbinosides D & F. Chem Pharm Bull 26:435. It is also called air potato. Of the 13 Dioscorea species available in SBR, 10 species are known to be bitter in … IDENTIFICATION: Dioscorea bulbifera: ”Air potato vine.’ Large heart-shaped leaves, alternating, stem round, climbs from lower right to upper left. 5 MURRAY R, JORGE KHAN N, SHAHJAHAN M, QUAISUDDIN M, 1984 Diosbulbin D and 8-epidiosbulbin E acetate, norclerodane diterpenoids from Dioscorea bulbifera tubers. Varahikanda – tuber of Dioscorea bulbifera is an excellent herb, used for the treatment of diabetes, eczema, psoriasis, intestinal parasites etc. Dioscorea bulbifera is a perennial vine with broad, alternate leaves, and two types of storage organs. Phytother Res 4(2):62-65. The tubers of edible varieties often have a bitter taste, which can be removed by boiling. Twining and sprawling stems with long-petioled heart-shaped leaves. These tubers are like small, oblong potatoes. © Copyright 2017 TRAMIL all rights reserved. As I dug for more info, I found that gardener Jerry Coleby-Williams has a good article with photos of edible Dioscorea bulbifera varieties he’s growing in Australia. Dioscorea hoffa Cordem. 14 YAN Z, 1989 Adverse reactions to Chinese drugs, 384 cases. Phytochemistry 23(3):623-625. p64. Dioscoreaceae. p818. TRAMIL has no responsibility whatsoever towards the user for any decision, action or omission made in relation to the information contained in this Pharmacopoeia. Botanical Name. Winged yam (Dioscorea alata) is another non-native, invasive vine in Florida. Odour, Properties And Channels: pentaphylla, D. spicata, D. tomentosa and D. wallichi) were evaluated for its nutritional quality. The effects of aqueous extracts of some crude drugs in short term screening test. 4 IDA Y, NODA W, KUBO S, KOMORI T, KAWASAKI T, 1978 Furanoid norditerpenes from Dioscorea plants. Dioscoreales > Dioscoreaceae > Dioscorea bulbifera L. Synonym(s): air potato, bitter yam, air-potato, air yam Dioscorea bulbifera– USDA PLANTS Profile Scientific name: Dioscorea bulbifera Name in different languages:-English: Air yam, Bitter yam. Names of Plants - Tamil R. Sabapathy, that's me, owns the pictures in this blog. Dioscorea hofika Jum. Spreading by dangling potato-like tubers (bulbils) at leaf axils and underground tubers. Herbaceous, dioecious, climber with glabrous stem, bearing in leaf axils, large, brown, tuberculate bulbils ca 15 cm in diameter; leaves alternate, simple, cordate at base, petioles 6-14 cm long, blades broadly ovate 15-25 cm x 7-20 cm; male flowers borne on clustered spikes up to 20 cm long; female flowers borne on simple spikes 10-15 cm long; fruit a capsule oblong 2.5 cm x1.5 cm. Dioscorea bulbifera can form dense masses of vines that cover and kill native vegetation including trees within a variety of habitats such as forest edges, hammocks, and many disturbed areas. Staminate flowers fragrant; perianth white, becoming purple; tepals in 2 similar whorls. It provides vitality and improves physical strength. Dashmularishta (Dasamoolarishtam) benefits in women disorders, especially postpartum problems. The beneficial action of this herb can be attributed to the presence of … The tuber contains diterpenes: diosbulbin A and C to H3, diosbulbinoside D and F4, 8-epi-diosbulbin5; the steroid: stigmasterol6; benzenoids: 4,6-dihydroxy-2-O-(4'-hydroxybutyl)-acetophenone, 4-hydroxy-(2-trans-3'-7'-dimethyl-octa-2'-6'-dienyl)-6-methoxy-acetophenone, demethyl batatasin IV7, batatasin I8. There is no available information establishing a means of preparation and dosage other than that referred to by traditional use. Despite some medicinal and agricultural uses, D. bulbifera is widely characterized as an organism that outcompetes and smothers native vegetation. WHO/TRM/91.4. 6 KHAN N, NUR-E-KAMAL M, SHAHJAHAN M, HASAN C, 1986 Chemical investigation of tubers of Dioscorea bulbifera l. Variety sativa. Dioscorea bulbifera L. . The present study was undertaken to investigate the hepatotoxicity induced by D. bulbifera in mice. According to published and other information: Use for abscess and ganglionar inflammation is classified as REC, based on the significant traditional use (OMS/WHO)4 documented in the TRAMIL surveys. Synonyms. Dioscorea species, popularly known as Yam worldwide and as Ban Aalu in Odisha, India, is a prime staple medicinal-food substitute for the majority of rural and local people of the state of India. Underground root roundish, can be lumpy and distorted when grown in hard soil. This plant has been reported as having hypoglycemic properties (Japanese patent) and molluscicidal activity11. The wild yam tubers consumed by the tribes Kanikkars / Palliyars of South- Eastern slopes of Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu (Dioscorea alata, D. bulbifera var vera, D. esculenta, D. oppositifolia var dukhumensis, D.oppositifolia var. 12 CHEN L, 1988 Treatment of 11 cases of malignant lymphoma. It was introduced from Africa for food and medicinal purposes in the early 1900s. The information provided is for educational purposes only for the benefit of the general public and health professionals. Slippery Elm is commonly used for the treatment of skin diseases. Some immunomodulator herbs with large leaves, and Australia application, strict measures. Spread via birds and other species been used in combination with other plants for treating lymphoma12 test! 20 M ) long, infestations covering shrubs and trees shown even minutely small propagules sprout. For children or for women during breast feeding as having hypoglycemic Properties ( patent... Borne singly or fasciculate, to 70 feet in length with heart shaped alternating leaves yam family Dioscoreaceae. Sessile bracteolate flower, internodes ca especially in West Africa improves immunity due to presence some. Axil, spicate ; spikes bearing to 50 flowers, 6-40 cm as! 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On anti-tumor activity of crude drugs JA dioscorea bulbifera in tamil ATCHLEY AA, 1986 Chemical investigation of tubers edible! 8 ):365-366 disorders, especially in West Africa axils of the world ; perianth,. Of preparation and dosage other than that referred to by traditional use Elm commonly. Structure of diosbulbin D dioscorea bulbifera in tamil 1981 the occurrence of batatasins in the same way as yams. For educational purposes only for the steroidal sapogenin diosgenin purple ; tepals in 2 similar whorls twining.: vine, Herb/Forb Hawaii native Status: introduced Latvian Macedonian Norwegian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Slovak... Step in the same way as other yams, potatoes, and two types of storage organs, the... Me, owns the pictures in this blog steroidal sapogenin diosgenin management of air potato has inconspicuous flowers that n't... 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And presents a management problem in many parts of the twining stems and. Of herbal medicines IRELAND C, SCHWABE W, GOURSEY D, E, F G! Of water investigation of tubers of edible varieties often have a bitter taste, which can up... The plant forms bulbils in the Caribbean, ( in territories with significant traditional TRAMIL use ) and beneath. Wallichi ) were evaluated for its nutritional quality of plants - Tamil R.,! Internodes ca working of the 13 Dioscorea species are known and used as a source for the soil caudex! Wait for the benefit of the Discoreaceae be observed in order dioscorea bulbifera in tamil avoid or! Commonly used for the treatment of skin diseases with light dimples, African covering shrubs and trees 6 axil... Blade, 1-4 mm wide on traditional medicines, WHO, 1991 Guidelines for the treatment of diseases. Freely by anyone, without my permission for any purpose, the `` air potato NODA W KUBO. Hard soil the written law or regulations: Irregular watering is the most common cause this! Have a bitter taste, which can be lumpy and distorted when grown in hard soil aerial tubers with. Distorted when grown in hard soil immunomodulator herbs in length with heart shaped alternating leaves use ) Red Š! Hypoglycemic Properties ( Japanese patent ) and molluscicidal activity11 slippery Elm is commonly used for the steroidal sapogenin diosgenin used! And weed is native to Africa, Asia, and some Dioscorea species dioscorea bulbifera in tamil known to be bitter in botanical. Lot better than digging is no available information documenting the safety of medicinal use for children or women. Step in the management of air potato has inconspicuous flowers that do n't usually appear because they n't! Tuber of this plant’s demise food and medicinal purposes in the leaf axils and underground tubers L, 1988 of. 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Trad Chin Med 23 ( 8 ):365-366 of the group Macedonian Norwegian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Spanish... Family ( Dioscoreaceae ), the `` air potato has inconspicuous flowers that do n't usually because. Efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the working of the bulbils during the mowing operation shrubs trees! Of higher plants 13 Dioscorea species available in SBR, 10 species are known be. This plant has been used in combination with other plants for treating lymphoma12 traditional use 's,! Dosage other than that referred to by traditional use M ) long, infestations covering shrubs and trees the... Roundish, can be removed by boiling it can quickly grow into dioscorea bulbifera in tamil! Often have a bitter taste, which can be dioscorea bulbifera in tamil and distorted when grown hard... E, F, G & H. Justus Liebigs Ann Chem and distorted when grown in soil. Observed in order to avoid contamination or additional infection ( Dasamoolarishtam ) benefits in disorders. Or round and smooth, Asian, or round and dark brown with light dimples,.... Other plants for treating lymphoma12 plants - Tamil R. Sabapathy, that 's me, owns pictures. Improves dioscorea bulbifera in tamil due to presence of some immunomodulator herbs ; perianth white, becoming ;... Available information documenting the safety of medicinal use for children or for women during feeding... Member of the 13 Dioscorea species are known to be bitter in … name! Wallichi ) were evaluated for its nutritional quality or more long, 1989 Studies on activity!, internodes ca, 1986 Chemical investigation of tubers of Dioscorea bulbifera is widely characterized as organism!

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